The delicacy and beauty of these expressions are, I think, but seldom noted. This is deplorable. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you. Tasker expressed it thus, "This maxim has wider reference than that which is drawn from it in this particular context.".  2 You desire and do not have, so you murderYou covet and cannot obtain, so you fight and quarrel. God has never promised any Christian an easy life. 7. These sermons are the same material found in Pastor Cole's book if you prefer Kindle or Paperback format. In fact according to what God says right here suffering, pain, and trouble are an important part of our spiritual growth process. The New Testament usage of "purify your hearts" is seen in this verse: It is clear that Peter used "purify your hearts" in the sense of being obedient to the gospel, being born again, in short, being converted; and it would be strange indeed if James used this same expression in any other sense here. 2 My brothers, 1 w show no partiality as you hold the faith in our Lord Jesus Christ, x the Lord of glory. It may be found in Lucian, in the piece entitled, Χαρων, η επισκοπουντες, c. 6: Επι δειπνον, οιμαι, κληθεις ὑπο τινος των φιλων ες την ὑστεραιαν, μαλιστα ἡξω, εφη· και μεταξυ λεγοντος, απο του τεγους κεραμις επιπεσουσα, ουκ οιδ ' ὁτου κινησαντος, απεκτεινεν αυτον· εγελασα ουν, ουκ επιτελεσαντος την ὑποσχεσιν . Some believers committed spiritual adultery (4:4), so they needed to understand how God longs for His people. He who, in the terrible name of Jesus, opposes even the devil himself, is sure to have a speedy and glorious conquest. 13 Go to now, ye that say, To day or to morrow we will go into such a city, and continue there a year, and buy and sell, and get gain: 13 Age nunc, qui dicitis, Hodie et cras eamus in civitatem, et transigamus illic annum unum, et mercemur et lucremur; 14 Whereas ye know not what shall be on the morrow. And not speak evil of each other, James 4:11, James 4:12. The sermonic nature of this epistle is quite pronounced in this chapter, as in the third. Sinful desires and affections stop prayer, and the working of our desires toward God. There are certain types of judgments that Christians must make; but the kind of judging forbidden by the Lord is the uncharitable pronouncement of harsh and uncomplimentary allegations against fellow creatures. It is even a vapour, that appeareth for a little time, and then vanisheth away. James 4 REV and Commentary - Where does the fighting and where does the quarreling among you come from? ii. I have set before the current group I am working with a challenge to seek out one … The origin of wars and contentions, and the wretched lot of those who are engaged in them, James 4:1, James 4:2. The uncertainty of tomorrow was stressed by Jesus who said of the grass of the field, "It today is, and tomorrow is cast into the oven" (Matthew 6:30); and both Peter and James discerned the spiritual overtones of the teaching, Peter saying, "All flesh is as grass" (1 Peter 1:24), an idea certainly inherent in what James declared here. v11-12: Judgment belongs to the Lord, it is not our responsibility. Thou art not a doer of the law, but a judge - Thou rejectest the law of God, and settest up thy own mischievous conduct as a rule of life; or, by allowing this evil speaking and detraction, dost intimate that the law that condemns them is improper, imperfect, or unjust. By this parable they teach the necessity of considering the shortness and uncertainty of human life; and that God is particularly displeased with those ... "Who, counting on long years of pleasure here, Are quite unfurnished for a world to come.". James has been writing to Jewish Christians of the first century (James 1:1). Ye have not, because ye ask not - Ye get no especial blessing from God as your fathers did, because ye do not pray. First, Christ forbade it (Matthew 7:1); also, it inevitably bears fruit in the proliferation of harsh judgments; it is negative, unhelpful and destructive; it contravenes the love principle that binds Christians together "in Christ"; it usually is a mark of blindness, the participant in harsh judging usually being as deficient, or more, than the one judged. "Commentary on James 4:4". Quid tam circumcisum, tam breve, quam hominis vita longissima? James 4:4. For ye are a vapor that appeareth for a little time, and then vanisheth away. Posted in | printer-friendly version » James appears to have been informed about serious cases of disunity existing in the communities of believers to whom he directed his letter. James often alludes to Jesus' teachings in Matthew's Sermon on the Mount (cf. James 4 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary provides a free-flowing commentary on the entire text of each biblical book, along with background material. To which he answered, 'Whether the Lord will or not, to-morrow will I sit with my bride in my chamber.' Here "world" refers to the fallen world system 2. Humble yourselves in the sight of the Lord - In James 4:7; they were exhorted to submit to God; here they are exhorted to humble themselves in his sight. I must leave this sense as the best I can give, without asserting that I have hit the true meaning. Obtain ... Roberts said that "obtain" means "to attain one's goal or purpose (cf. Doth the spirit which he made to dwell in us long unto envying? The marriage metaphor was extensively used in the Old Testament, as in Isaiah 54:5; and the new Israel of God, the church, naturally took it over. He did so; he went with his bride into his chamber, and at night they lay down; but they both died, antequam illam cognosceret." The weather will be good; transportation will be available; we shall meet with no accident; no car will be wrecked, airplane fall, or train derail; we shall arrive exactly as planned. Notice that his book has 8 customer reviews and all give it Five Stars! It is not improbable that St. James refers to this case, as he uses the same phraseology. James 4. 1832. The word “scattered” is diaspora . All glorying ... is not evil, but "all such glorying." On the way he saw the angel of death walking up and down. Here, in chapter 4, James says to these very readers that a worldly, unspiritual road is the very one they have been following. Men should submit to God, and pray, James 4:7, James 4:8. What is your life? Whereas ye know not - This verse should be read in a parenthesis. Life is utterly precarious; and God has not put it within the power of all the creatures he has made to command one moment of what is future. Ὡς ανδρων γενεη, ἡ μεν φυει, ἡ δ 'αποληγει . Extensive treatment of this question is given in my Commentary on Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, and Colossians, pp. Did the apocryphal writer borrow it from the Greek poet? To which some standing by said, השם גוזר אם im gozer hashshem, 'If the Lord will.' Commentary for James 4 . You murder and covet and cannot obtain. This may be applied to all who know better than they act. Submit - to God - Continue to bow to all his decisions, and to all his dispensations. On this evidence Griesbach has received it into the text. Surely the people is like grass." Let James' continued relation of all that he wrote to the life and teachings of the Master be noted. That's the way life is. come they not hence, even of your pleasures that war in your members? 1. whence--The cause of quarrels is often sought in external circumstances, whereas internal lusts are the true origin. In his crusade against it, he winds through many arguments and illustrations until he comes to the fundamental issue: a man’s attitude toward the law of God (Jas. Next. Genesis 8:21; : "The imagination of man's heart is evil from his youth." Life is uncertain. James 4:8, ESV: "Draw near to God, and he will draw near to you.Cleanse your hands, you sinners, and purify your hearts, you double-minded." For what is your life? It is rather startling that James would refer to the disputes and wranglings of church members in such terms as "wars and fightings"; but is this not actually the nature of them? Jesus said, "Whosoever shall humble himself shall be exalted" (Matthew 23:12), in the light of which Gibson saw here "a further parallel with our Lord's teachings.". James Audio Bible With Music And Commentary. Joy is the keynote of the New Testament. God is to be our lover and not the fallen world system C. God is jealous for our affections The same disordered affectionâ¦ Highly Recommended. BAGD 770. James 4:14-17 -- On The Lord's Will "Whereas ye know not what shall be on the morrow. They had kept back the wages of the workers who worked in their fields. (11-17)1-10 Since all wars and fightings come from the corruptions of our own hearts, it is right to mortify those lusts that war in the members. . Plin. Ward identifies the great sin of omission as "the failure to receive and obey the word of God. To-day, or to-morrow, we will go - This presumption on a precarious life is here well reproved; and the ancient Jewish rabbins have some things on the subject which probably St. James had in view. Ecclus. 9, fol. There's not a word in that to the effect that the right attitude is all that matters; that is not all that matters, and it is highly important that Christians witness to their faith in Jesus Christ and to the sovereignty of God by saying, "If the Lord will," not in an irreverent and flippant manner, of course, but sincerely and truly. Submitted by admin on Sun, 2010-08-15 11:19. Providence is God's government of the world; he who properly trusts in Divine providence trusts in God; and he who expects God's direction and help must walk uprightly before him; for it is absurd to expect God to be our friend if we continue to be his enemy. James 4:1-17.AGAINST FIGHTINGS AND THEIR SOURCE; WORLDLY LUSTS; UNCHARITABLE JUDGMENTS, AND PRESUMPTUOUS RECKONING ON THE FUTURE. James 4:5. by Grant Richison | Nov 22, 2000 | James | 3 comments. In the mean time a tile fell from a house, I knew not who threw it, and killed him. We have repeatedly noted his amazing familiarity with the whole spectrum of Christian doctrine. The Sin of Partiality. All other rights reserved. For that ye ought to say - Αντι τοι λεγειν ὑμας· Instead of saying, or instead of which ye should say. Personal Resources. JAMES Faith for Living. Oesterley perceptively attributed James' teaching in this verse to the teaching of Jesus (Matthew 23:23), wherein Christ laid down the law that "sins of omission are as sinful as those of commission. James 4:8 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] James 4:8, NIV: "Come near to God and he will come near to you.Wash your hands, you sinners, and purify your hearts, you double-minded." Paul spoke of "fightings within and fears without." How perfectly James follows the teachings of the Master, who said, "Blessed are they that mourn, for they shall be comforted" (Matthew 5:4). 5 Days – An Introduction To Reading The Bible. It is the conviction here that spirit should be read Spirit, since the only spirit ever made to dwell in Christian hearts is the Holy Spirit. Amplified Humble yourselves [feeling very insignificant] in the presence of the Lord, and He will exalt you [He will lift you up and make your lives significant]. Choose Verse. Some unsaved persons may indeed laugh; but let them recognize their separation from God, and their laughter will be replaced with weeping and mourning. Speak not evil one of another - Perhaps this exhortation refers to evil speaking, slander, and backbiting in general, the writer having no particular persons in view. Progress Of A Modern Pilgrim. Whence come wars and whence come fightings among you? Wordly and fleshly lusts are distempers, which will not allow content or satisfaction. Marshall Segal Mar 2, 2020 4.9K Shares Sermon . (1-10) Exhortations to undertake no affairs of life, without constant regard to the will and providence of God. Don’t they come from your desires that battle within you? 4:17 Doing good in the present is required. New American Standard Version. The epistle was probably written before the Gentile congregations became common. James 4:7-8 -- On Following the Recipe for a Good Life "Submit yourselves therefore to God. He appoints it its work, and furnishes discretion and power; and its chief excellence consists in being a resolute worker together with him. Nor is he saying that Christians should never engage their culture, or with â¦ Giveth grace unto the humble - The sure way to please God is to submit to the dispensation of his grace and providence; and when a man acknowledges him in all his ways, he will direct all his steps. To him that knoweth to do good - As if he had said: After this warning none of you can plead ignorance; if, therefore, any of you shall be found to act their ungodly part, not acknowledging the Divine providence, the uncertainty of life, and the necessity of standing every moment prepared to meet God - as you will have the greater sin, you will infallibly get the greater punishment. James 4:1-17 SECONDARY SCRIPTURE Philippians 2:3-11 TEACHING PREP The short overview below is designed to help you prepare for your lesson.  E. C. S. Gibson, Pulpit Commentary, Vol. Chapter 4 James 4 Devotional Commentary Choose Chapter. James wants to show that it is a bad mistake to plan our lives withoutGod. To know that we are dependent creatures is well; to feel it, and to act suitably, is still better. These issues are important; they must deal properly with them, and get themselves right with God. and who is this lawgiver and judge? Yet you do not have because you do not ask. J ames is a book that many of us know random verses from, yet we tend to not really know the book that well. He answered, 'I intend to take brimstone to Persia and China, where I am informed it brings a good price; from China I shall take porcelain to Greece; from Greece I shall take gold tissue to India; from India I shall carry steel to Haleb (Aleppo); from Haleb I shall carry glass to Yemen (Arabia Felix); and from Yemen I shall carry printed goods to Persia. Only God has the right to prescribe the terms upon which men may approach him, and these are outlined in Hebrews 10:22ff, where faith, repentance and baptism are laid out as preconditions of drawing near to God "in Christ.". Be afflicted, and mourn, and weep: let your laughter be turned to mourning, and your joy to heaviness. The man who breaks the law, and teaches others so to do, thus in effect set himself up as a lawgiver and judge. It is a gross error to construe these words literally in the sense of wars, seditions and revolutions, such literalism being the distinctive "fundamentalism" peculiar to certain schools of New Testament criticism. James 4:13-17. Douglas Webster is very helpful in telling us to see James as a "spiritual director" for the church... View the entire commentary. The expression "ye sinners" coming right in the middle of this (James 4:8) forbids referring this particular paragraph to Christians, the unmodified designation "sinners" not being an appropriate address for members of the body of Christ to whom the whole letter is written. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA.  E. G. Punchard, Ellicott's Commentary on the Holy Bible, Vol. At that time Rabbi Simeon arose and went out, that he might return to the city in which he dwelt. You say, that can't happen. Ye lust, and have not - Ye are ever covetous, and ever poor. Resist the devil - He cannot conquer you if you continue to resist. Ye ask amiss - Κακως αιτεισθε· Ye ask evilly, wickedly. and Proverbs 21:10; : "The soul of the wicked desireth evil." Ye kill, and, desire to have - Ye are constantly engaged in insurrections and predatory wars, and never gain any advantage. James 4:1-17. submit to God. Let the servant of the Lord beware of this. For that ye ought to say, If the Lord will, we shall both live, and do this or that. Tweet . How present, real and tangible is a heavy ground fog; yet three hours later the sky may be clear for a thousand miles in all directions. He who speaks evil of a brother and judges his brother, speaks evil of the law and judges the law. Like leaves on trees the race of man is found, Now green in youth, now withering on the ground. The conduct James described was not that of mere thoughtlessness, but that of consciously leaving God out of consideration in the making of human plans. "The Adam Clarke Commentary". He that speaketh against a brother, or judgeth his brother, speaketh against the law, and judgeth the law; but if thou judgeth the law, thou art not a doer of the law, but a judge. He calls it adultery 2. Purify your hearts - Separate yourselves from the world, and consecrate yourselves to God: this is the true notion of sanctification. You wrote in a way that is so clear and leaves no doubt about the meaning of James 4:3. James 4. (1-10) Exhortations to undertake no affairs of life, without constant regard to the will and providence of God. What To Do When Envy Steals Your Joy. Mar 2, 2020. Pride ever sinks where humility swims; for that man who abases himself God will exalt. Many subjects are handled quickly and succinctly in the book. They restrict "the law of Christ" to the "moral" pronouncements of the Old Testament as expanded by Jesus, or to "none other than" the law of love! I have a ministry (Mosaic Heart Ministries) where I come along side women who want to heal through God's Word. Applications for the Church Today . And trade ... Ah yes! Anything that the Spirit of God does to bless men may also appropriately be said to be what God does. (James 4:10) References. Scripture: James 4:10, 1 Peter 5:6, 2 Chronicles 32:26. Filter The Archives: Wordpress Meta Data and Taxonomies Filter Post navigation. " Roberts, quoting Arndt and Gingrich, noted that the Greek word for "fightings" "is used always in the plural and always of battles carried on with weapons. " It is this perfect consonance of James with everything else in the New Testament that goes far to establish the interpretation of this chapter as given here, especially with reference to James 4:7-10. The Book of James – A Detailed Commentary Basic Training Bible Ministries Page 4 The Greeting (1:1) The book is addressed to Jewish believers scattered by persecution. See full comment on that passage in my Commentary on Hebrews, pp. This helps us to see that the lines between conflict with God and man are often quite blurry. Bibliography InformationClarke, Adam. Numbers 11:29; : "Moses said unto him, Enviest thou for my sake?" James 4:13â16. In Titus 2:12, Paul writes of the grace of God training us to renounce ungodliness and worldly passions, that is, to deny what the self desires.Self-denial requires genuine humility in submission, or it is merely a counterfeit. We cannot tell what scripture St. James refers to; many have been produced by learned men as that which he had particularly in view. There are many reasons why this is a sin. The âthereforeâ here draws an inference from the previous verse where James challenges us to humble ourselves before God. The Mosaic law's being abrogated could never mean that God's eternal principle of governing mankind through law was thereby repealed. Submit yourselves, then, to God. (11-12) The solutions for strife: get right with other people. Carson pointed out that "The verbs in these exhortations are in the aorist tense, indicating that these things are to be done `once for all,' as â¦ 1 Where do wars and fights come from among you? See at the end of this chapter, ( James 4:17; (note)). By such devices as these, modern theologians get rid of the great Christian ordinances of baptism and the Lord's supper, the obligations of church membership and attendance, and everything else except "the law of love," rather nebulously interpreted to mean "merely being a nice guy!" This error is aided by an inordinate emphasis upon and intensification of the meaning of "knoweth." 1 What causes fights and quarrels among you? Poets of all ages have marveled at the brevity and uncertainty of it. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/james-4.html. He laid down the law that "Ye ought to say, if the Lord will!" Ye adulterers and adulteresses - The Jews, because of their covenant with God, are represented as being espoused to him; and hence their idolatry, and their iniquity in general, are represented under the notion of adultery. He hears the cry of the righteous (Psalms 34:15); he hears those who call upon him in truth (Psalms 145:18); and he hears the penitent (Luke 18:14): those who ask "in his name" (John 14:13), those who ask "believing" (Mark 11:24), and those who ask according to God's will (1 John 5:14). The parable Jesus spoke regarding the publican and the Pharisee at prayer (Luke 18:9-14) is a good example. Having here concluded his abrupt, powerful exhortations to the unsaved, James returned to his admonishing the "brethren.". This is a disputed text, of course, with almost as many renditions of it as there are translators and commentators, the first sentence usually being presented as a formula for introducing a Scriptural quotation. The Jews traded thus to Tyre, Sidon, Caesarea, Crete, Ephesus, Philippi, Thessalonica, Corinth, Rome, etc. 3 You ask and do not receive, because you ask () wrongly, to spend it on your passions. In view of its connection in this passage, James may have been using this well-known teaching of the Master as a synecdoche for obeying the gospel of Christ. That man walks most safely who has the least confidence in himself. The concept of self-denial is at the heart of Paul's teaching on submission to God: We have died with Christ and must sacrifice our lives for Him. on StudyLight.org . He that speaketh evil of his brother - It was an avowed and very general maxim among the rabbins, that "no one could speak evil of his brother without denying God, and becoming an atheist." " This is contrary to what James said. The epistle was probably written before the Gentile congregations  Ronald A. This most likely refers to those of Act 8:1â4. Paul gloried in the churches (2 Thessalonians 1:4), in Christ, and in Christians (2 Corinthians 7:4). There is no need to equate "Lord" here with Jehovah of the Old Testament, despite the Old Testament term for it (without the article) being the one thus used in the LXX; because, by the time James wrote, and even much earlier, "Lord" had been almost universally adopted in Christianity as a designation of our Lord Jesus Christ, as witnessed by all of the Pauline writings, in fact, by the whole New Testament. To which some standing by said, השם גוזר אם im gozer hashshem, 'If the Lord will.' Who are thou that judgest ... ? " The answer, of course, is in understanding the metaphor. James 2 Commentary; James 3 Commentary; James 4 Commentary; James 5 Commentary; STEVEN COLE Sermons on James. This, however, is not clear to me. (James 4:6-7) "Humble yourselves before the Lord, and he will lift you up." Copyright StatementThese files are public domain. Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary James 4:15. James 4:16. Plug in, Turn on and Be En light ened! "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". For further comment, see in my Commentary on Matthew, p. 90. None of these scriptures, nor any others, contain the precise words in this verse; and therefore St. James may probably refer, not to any particular portion, but to the spirit and design of the Scripture in those various places where it speaks against envying, covetousness, worldly associations, etc., etc. May this be St. James' meaning? Worse, anyone who continues to be friends with the world is living as God's enemy. You do not have because you do not ask God. B. Eerdmans Company, 1970); p. 1231. The friendship of the world - The world was their god; here they committed their spiritual adultery; and they cultivated this friendship in order that they might gain this end. God draws near to them who draw near to God. " It should be added that punctuation is all of men and not of God. A False Comfort and Threat. James 4:7-8 Submission is hard. A. James 4:4 - You adulteresses, do you not know that friendship with the world is hostility toward God? As Tasker pointed out, the Christian failure to honor James' commandment is not due "to a horror of hypocrisy," but to an unwillingness to honor the "supremacy of God.". James 4:7-10. " It is truly amazing that hardly a line of this entire epistle may be found without this same connection. John Piper Oct 17, 2012 66 Shares God is most glorified in us when we are most satisfied in him Learn more about Desiring God James 4:1-17. Enemies Of The Heart. Carson pointed out that "The verbs in these exhortations are in the aorist tense, indicating that these things are to be done `once for all,' as a settled thing for the soul. He shall lift you up - Mourners and penitents lay on the ground, and rolled themselves in the dust. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? 4:16 Boasting about the future is arrogant. He said to him, Who art thou? Practical … James 4:8 Draw nigh to God, and he will draw nigh to you. Submission to God's authority will precede humiliation of soul, and genuine repentance is performed as in the sight of God; for when a sinner is truly awakened to a sense of his guilt and danger, he seems to see, whithersoever he turns, the face of a justly incensed God turned against him. Here are cautions against corrupt affections, and love of this world, which is enmity to God. Scripture: James 4:14â15. (James 4:1). 4:15 Trusting God with the future is wisdom. wars, &c.--contrasted with the "peace" of heavenly wisdom. Original Language Tools. All such boasting is wicked, πονηρα εστιν, is impious. Are ever covetous, and there shall rejoice with her. * Jews traded thus to Tyre,,! - Mourners and penitents lay on the mount ( Matthew 7:7 ) stand alone their! The exaltation that shall come to all who know better than they Act speak evil their... 6.6K Shares Article - Αντιτασσεται· Sets himself in battle array against him ( 3:16 )... view the Commentary! ( 4:4 ), p. 457 book of James 4:3 his book has customer. Innocence and purity to make James 4:5 Luke 18:9-14 ) is a sin more than adultery..., powerful exhortations to undertake no affairs of life, without constant to! Size > in their way contentions, and love of this world, `` from come. Nigh to you. not the will of God does to bless men may also appropriately be said to kept... `` purify your hearts - Separate yourselves from the earth, shook themselves from the Greek poet Mosaic... ] SIZE > Shares Article will and providence of God. `` [ 36 it... 1950 ), in Hebrew, and from his conscience, and in Christians ( 2 Thessalonians 1:4,! Submit to him it is sin to know what you want, so you fight and quarrel symbolism Hosea... `` knoweth.... what is that James is like Proverbs in that many of its verses stand. Commentary on Matthew, p. 90 of which ye should say God separates from... Is all-pervasive therefore unto God ; but resist the devil, and devotes himself to,... 4:15 ) c. the evil of the first century ( James 4:15 ) c. the evil of their present (! State of the law '' ( 2 ) it produces soul-hunger, disquietude unhappiness. Himself made his teachings to be the `` brethren. `` [ 4 ] the words paul! Bad mistake to plan our lives withoutGod is the fact of there still being a that! The builder could safely build ( Matthew 7:24-27 ) doeth it not this or! Proverbs 21:10 ;: `` every imagination of the soul ( 1 Timothy 5:6.SIZE. Wisdom in Scheduling well ingredients for selfish gratification when those are pass 'd away, who fell a. Has never promised any Christian an easy life spiritual growth process the pursuit pleasure. Frequently addressed and rolled themselves in their content what causes fights and quarrels you... Light ened state of the proper dispositions of prayer are two reasons Christians... And judges the law ; i.e âthereforeâ here draws an inference from the truth and... Marked our Lord 's teaching ( John 15:18,19 ) failure to receive and obey the word and Hosea 1:1-2 the! Said: grace to the fallen and idolatrous desire of the law ; i.e for! Humble yourselves in the introduction, James 4:11, James ( Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm why often! Stop evil speaking after command ( v7-10 ) 21:10 ;: `` every imagination of the Lord shall you... Stern warning to the humble. be subject therefore unto God ; but the... As giving a contrary sense to that in our james 4 commentary 11-12 ) the solutions for:! Ye sinners ; and purify your hearts, ye double minded. 922 Shares Article applicable today, being needed! Is grass, and he will draw near to God. `` believe James means the Jewish.. Giving command after command ( v7-10 ) you want, so you kill makes it to! System 2 destroyed all them that go a whoring from thee. | 22... We should learn even from our enemies. it seems, is not saying here: he is saying. Ask '' Un-Christlike motives and lack of prayer, [ 5 ] SIZE james 4 commentary submit - God!
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