Information gathered from the JCMSC is used to create the Relative Rate Index (RRI) Tables below. To calculate the RRI, the arrest rate for African-American youth is divided by the arrest rate for White youth. The matrices present major decision points and compare processing “rates” by race and ethnicity through the relative rate index. What is an RRI? The petitioning decision maintained the level of racial disparity in the processing of robbery offense cases in 2010. The Relative Rate Index is a means of comparing the rates of juvenile justice contact. An OJJDP Compliance Monitor explains the Juvenile Justice Reform Act mandate that states must have an "effective" system of monitoring compliance with the core requirements of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act. “-” = Numbers too low to calculate rates. Moreover, the RRI … Admissions of Youth <18 to Adult Prison, 2003 White African Footnotes: Appendices The court referral RRI for AIAN and AHPI youth (1.4 for each) indicates that this decision point brings a disproportionate number of these youth into the juvenile justice system. The data provided in the graphs below are specific to Shelby County and the Juvenile Court of Memphis and Shelby County (JCMSC) for 2019. ! The Relative Rate Index (RRI), a formula that OJJDP uses, is one method of tracking disparity. This RRI of 7.0 means that the minority youth arrest rate was about 600% greater than the white arrest rate. Juvenile Violent Crime Index Arrest Rates, 2011 Juvenile Violent Crime Index Arrest Rates, 2012 0 to 75 75 to 150 150 to 250 250 or above Data not available Violent Crime Index arrests per 100,000 juveniles ages 10–17, 2011 0 to 75 (7 states) 75 to 150 (18 states) 150 to 250 (16 states) 250 or above (8 states) Data not available (2 states) Population of at-risk Caucasian youths 3. The Relative Rate Index (RRI) is a helpful way to compare the experiences of different groups of youth within the juvenile justice system. The use of the relative rate index is described in more detail later. The Relative Rate Index (RRI) is a measure of the rate of racial disparity between white youth and youth of color at a particular stage in the system. Advocates for Children and Youth. The relative rate index (RRI)represents the relative volume of minority juveniles to the volume of majority juveniles (adjusted by population) at stages in the juvenile justice system. Once states and localities have collected and utilized the This RRI of 7.0 means that the minority youth arrest rate was about 600% greater than the white arrest rate. The RRI for the adjudication decision indicates that these decisions actually helped somewhat to reduce the overall level of racial disparity in the processing of robbery offense referrals by the system given that the RRI for minority youth was less than 1.0. The Relative Rate Index (RRI) is used by OJJDP to compare level of contact with the juvenile justice system as experienced by different groups of youth (OJJDP, n.d.b). Or it could be that even when both groups commit crimes at similar rates and these crimes are equally likely to be reported to law enforcement, law enforcement is more likely to arrest minority youth for their robbery offenses. However, the field has moved beyond looking at racial and ethnic disparities solely from the perspective of overrepresentation of youth of color relative to White youth. 9) OJJDP (2014). Population at risk (age YY through XX ) 2. Some decisions (those with Relative Rate Indices greater than 1.0) increase disparity in the system. The relative rate index (RRI)represents the relative volume of minority juveniles to the volume of majority juveniles (adjusted by population) at stages in the juvenile justice system. plans, compliance and Relative Rate Index (RRI) data, and supporting documentation for the period October 1, 2016 to September 30, 2017, electronically to OJJDP’s . The arrest RRI for American Indian or Alaskan Native (AIAN) youth (0.6) and Asian, Hawaiian, or Pacific Islander (AHPI) youth (0.5) indicates that their arrest rate was far below that of white youth, signifying an arrest disparity for these two groups that brings a disproportionately smaller number of AIAN and AHPI youth into the juvenile justice system for a robbery offense. For example, an RRI of 2.0 means that members of that group are two times more likely to be arrested than the total population. Information gathered from the JCMSC is used to create the Relative Rate Index (RRI) Tables below. OJJDP’s guidelines state that when data are missing for analysis, “the rate [RRI] will be calculated on the 2 U.S. Department of Justice. According to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), “At its simplest, the RRI is a means of … More from the State Relations … Relative Rate Index and how it is used in Multnomah County's Juvenile System. The "relative rate index" (RRI) is OJJDP's identified method to compare rates. Defines the rate for non-White groups in terms of the rate for the White group. online compliance reporting tool, separately from this application and no later than April 2, 2018. This pattern held for black youth, but not for AIAN and AHPI youth; the detention RRI for AIAN and AHPI youth was 0.7 in 2010, indicating that AIAN and AHPI youth referred to juvenile court for a robbery offense were less likely to be securely detained than were white youth. 2 The RRI provides a single index number that indicates whether there is disparity. Admissions of Youth <18 to Adult Prison, 2003 White African The Relative Rate Index of the arrest decision point was significantly greater than 1.0 when comparing the overall minority arrest rate to that of white youth. online compliance reporting tool, separately from this application and no later than April 2, 2018. rates with the juvenile justice system, at which decision points, to what extent, and for which racial or ethnic groups. resources have been added to the SBB: A new Data Snapshot draws on national arrest estimates to document declines in juvenile arrests through 2019.; A new FAQ showing high school dropout rates by state has been added to the education section under the Population Characteristics. The RRI provides a single index number that indicates the extent to which the volume of that form of . And some decisions (those with Relative Rate Indices less than 1.0) reduce the level of disparity in the system. It is also important to study, through the use of additional quantitative and qualitative data, the factors and mechanisms that contribute to the observed disproportion at particular contact points within the juvenile justice system. In addition, considerations of the magnitude of the various RRIs highlight the decision points where the contribution to disparity was greatest in the processing of robbery cases in 2010 (e.g., arrest and, to a lesser degree, court referral) and can help to prioritize the points at which further study is most warranted. Arrest data from Maryland State Police. Definitions: Relative Rate Index (RRI) compares the arrest rate for a particular racial group with the total arrest rate for all juveniles. In 2010 minority youth (RRI of 1.1) were somewhat more likely to be referred to juvenile court for a robbery offense than were white youth. Are there more black or hispanic children in poverty in my county? With this background, we can review the set of Relative Rate Indices (RRI) that capture disproportionate minority contact (DMC) in the juvenile justice system’s handling of robbery cases in 2010. Some decisions (those with Relative Rate Indices equal to 1.0) neither increase nor decrease disparity but maintain the level of disparity that resulted from prior decisions. Each relative rate is dependent on the decision point that comes directly before what is being measured. Studying the set of Relative Rate Indices for a specific decision process enables us to see the unique contributions made by each decision point to the overall disparity in the system. Definitions: Relative Rate Index (RRI) compares the arrest rate for a particular racial group with the total arrest rate for all juveniles. The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) developed the relative rate index (RRI) to measure and monitor DMC at each of nine contact points in the juvenile justice system: 1) arrest; 2) referral to court; 3) diversion (includes informal probation); 4) secure detention; 5) charges (petition) filed; 6) found delinquent; 7) placed on formal probation; 8) placed in secure correctional facility; and … Whenever groups are treated equally – both will have an RRI equal to “1.” Use this view if you have questions like: Definitions: This pattern held for black youth whose RRI was also 1.1. It may also be that even when minority and white youth commit crimes at similar rates, the robbery crimes of minority youth are more likely to be reported to law enforcement, also resulting in a higher arrest rate. The relative rate index is a measure of disproportionate minority contact with the juvenile justice system. OJJDP Relative Rate Index (RRI) to measure DMC decision points beyond the arrest stage. The materials that follow are intended to provide step by step instructions for completing the initial identification stage for examining Disproportionate Minority Contact within a jurisdiction. “-” = Numbers too low to calculate rates. Implementing the Relative Rate Index Calculation: A Step-by-Step Approach to Identifying Disproportionate Minority Contact within the Juvenile Justice System. Only more targeted research can uncover the most likely causes. Instances of contact with minority juveniles 4. Virginia has determined that DMC does exist among its juvenile justice population. Finally, the RRI for the waiver decision indicates that, overall, little racial disparity was found at this decision point in 2010; minority youth charged with a robbery offense were equally likely to be judicially waived to criminal court as white youth. 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