Because he exercises an universal dominion over the living and the dead, Romans 14:9. It is one thing to be free yourself to partake of something that others are not free to indulge in. All other rights reserved. Where the conscience is in doubt, faith alone can make it right to choose the side against which conscience inclines. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/romans-14.html. Any doubt concerning an action automatically removes that action from the category of that which is acceptable. the gray areas of faith romans 14:1 – 14:23 the passage that we are looking at today, is one that many people find confusing. Since then we are Christ's, and he alone has dominion over us, it becomes us never to usurp authority over the consciences of our brethren, or to pass censures on the dead or the living. Thus we are given here a practical rule for individual action: not a general principle of the value of works done outside the range of Christian profession and. Whatsoever is not of faith is sin.—This is intended as a general principle, but only as a general principle covering this particular kind of case. That is, "He that doubteth whether he should eat or no, and yet eats, is condemned of himself, because he doth a thing when he is not satisfied of its lawfulness; for whatsoever is not done of faith, that is, with a persuasion that it is lawful, is to him that does it undoubtedly sinful." BibliographyVincent, Marvin R. DD. Nor are those truths themselves disparaged or endangered thereby, but the reverse. Romans 14:23 But he that doubteth is condemned if he eat, because {he eateth} not of faith; and whatsoever is not of faith is sin. In chapter 12 the language changes and from a discussion of “doctrinal” themes Paul moves to a consideration of some “practical” matters. BibliographyGodbey, William. The margin has it rendered correctly, “He that discerneth and putteth a difference between meats.” He that conscientiously believes, as the Jew did, that the Levitical law respecting the difference between meats was binding on Christians. But where there is a sincere desire to do right, and a willingness to sacrifice our own inclinations for the good of others, connected with prayer for divine direction, there can be little danger of serious mistake. (7) Though forbearance is a great Christian duty, indifference to the distinction between truth and error is not thereby encouraged. The fourteenth chapter of Romans is a marvelous treatise in which the inspired apostle encourages the strong to assist the weak so that the cause of Christ might be united. Yea, and whatever rash censures the weak and superstitious may cast upon him, he shall be holden up; the Lord will strengthen and preserve the faithful soul unto salvation, for God is able to make him stand, is able and willing to preserve the believer that continues to cleave to him, till he appear with boldness in the day of judgment. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/romans-14.html. Used by Permission. His conscience and conduct are at war, and he is wretched, though not perhaps as bad as he thinks himself. Verse 23 gives the mature believer perspective on what happens if the immature Christian goes against his conscience. The clause, however, furnishes a transition to the exhortation to the strong. Let us therefore follow after the things which make for peace, laying aside all uncharitable contentions;—and things wherewith one may edify another; not seeking our own pleasure merely, but others' good. It comes in aid, and gives its sanction to all other right motives, but we find the sacred writers appealing most frequently to the benevolent and pious feelings; to the example of Christ; to a sense of our obligations to him; to the mutual relation of Christians, and their common connection with the Redeemer, etc., as motives to self-denial and devotedness, Romans 14:15, Romans 14:21. As we must not nourish our scruples and doubtings, so neither must we act against our scruples and doubts. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, if he eat, because he eateth not of faith, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament. Copyright StatementThese files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library. And he that doubteth is damned if he eat, because [he eateth] not of faith: for whatsoever [is] not of faith is sin. But, 2. But, beyond all doubt, as the position we have laid down is emphatically expressed by the apostle, so the interests of all who call themselves Christians require to be proclaimed and pressed on every suitable occasion. The use of the liberty which every Christian enjoys under the gospel, is to be regulated by the law of love; hence it is often morally wrong to do what, in itself considered, may be innocent, Romans 14:15, Romans 14:20, Romans 14:21. He that discerneth, or who judgeth that he ought to abstain from such meats, if he eat, is self-condemned, because he acts not according to his faith. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855. (Romans 7:22.) 1828. Owing to ignorance, early prejudice, weakness of faith, and other causes, there may and must exist a diversity of opinion and practice on minor points of duty. The condemnation is absolute: it is not only that his own conscience pronounces clearly against him after the act, but that such action incurs the condemnation of God. Weak Christians have a proclivity to place guilt into their souls. Neither of these ways of settling the question of 'the perpetuity of a day of holy rest' will satisfy the thorough inquirer, who will think it his duty to look at all sides of the subject; and whoever considers how inadequate any considerations of mere expediency must prove-when once the belief in its essential sacredness is destroyed-to uphold that observance of the Lord's Day which all devout minds regard as essential to the best interests of religion and morality, will be slow to think that the apostle meant the Sabbath to be ranked by his readers among those vanished Jewish festival days which only weakness could imagine to be still in force-a weakness which those who had more light ought, out of love merely, to bear with. Each person must be fully convinced in his own mind. He does not want to stand out as a minority on the issue. This survey of the whole entirely dispenses with all the theories of “separate pieces of parchment,” “various times of writing,” “fourfold endings,” “encyclical epistles,” etc., which commentators, critics, and sceptics have so needlessly invented. Such the connection requires. How much better therefore is it to approve ourselves to God and our own consciences, than to be approved of men! NOTE: Even in area"s of indifference, a violation of conscience is wrong! Romans 16:25 : Now, to him that is of power to stablish you according to my Gospel, and the preaching of Jesus Christ, (according to the revelation of the mystery which was kept secret since the world began, The two judgments here are to eat or not to eat foods perceived as unholy. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/romans-14.html. Renan says there are properly four endings of the Epistle, namely, at Romans 15:33; Romans 16:20; Romans 16:24 and Romans 16:27. Who art thou that judgest another man's servant? Let us not therefore judge one another any more with any rash and precipitate censures; but judge this rather, that no man put a stumbling-block, or an occasion to fall, in his brother's way: and whatever knowledge he may have of Christian liberty, let him be careful so to use it, as not willingly to grieve or ensnare his brother, by tempting him to sin, by giving a handle for censure, or emboldening him to do what his conscience may not be satisfied is right. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/romans-14.html. What does this verse really mean? “If any one may eat doubting, he has been condemned, because it is not of faith. He that lives unto the Lord, i.e. Both classes are here addressed, since Romans 14:12, to which ‘therefore’ refers, included both; ‘one another’ points back to ‘of himself’ in the same verse. This guards against the extreme view, that ‘condemned’ refers to eternal condemnation. Hence the first thing in a right conduct, in order that our minds may at no time fluctuate, is this, that we, depending on God’s word, confidently proceed wherever it may call us. BibliographyCoke, Thomas. BibliographyRobertson, A.T. "Commentary on Romans 14:23". Calvin observes on this passage, ‘For if we are not allowed to take a single mouthful of bread with a doubting conscience, how much greater caution ought to be used in transactions of the highest importance?’ For whatsoever is not of faith is sin. He that feeds on any kind of meats prohibited by the Mosaic law, with the persuasion in his mind that he may be wrong in so doing, is condemned by his conscience for doing that which he has reason to think God has forbidden. Grant's Verse-by-Verse Logos Bible Software. Romans 14:22 Hast thou faith? So when I describe Romans 7:14–25 as “Christian experience,” I don’t mean “ideal” experience, or “normal” steady-state experience. Lid. But he that doubts is condemned; "He that really in his conscience makes a difference between one sort of food and another, is condemned by God as a sinner, if he eat out of unbridled appetite, vain complaisance, or weak shame. Trust is the willingness to put all of life before God for his approval. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/romans-14.html. The reason for this condemnation is, that every work, however splendid and excellent in appearance, is counted as sin, except it be founded on a right conscience; for God regards not the outward display, but the inward obedience of the heart, by this alone is an estimate made of our works. There is evidently a sinful disregard of the divine authority on the part of a man who does anything which he supposes God has forbidden, or which he is not certain he has allowed. The more important matter is, however, to remember that for Christians, at least, Christian ethics should have full validity, and that here the principle admits of no exception: whatsoever is not of faith is sin; genuine Christian morality is all of faith. 20 For meat destroy not the work of God. The only sins that I can find in Romans 14:1-23 are: a. For he that in these things serveth Christ; faithful to his cause, and in simplicity designing his honour, whatever his practice or sentiments may be in unessential matters, is acceptable to God; his person and services are accepted in the Beloved, and he is approved of men, as a sincere convert, at least by all those of sound judgment and solid experience. Immature Christians have the tendency to bind everyone else with their legalistic views. (9) “Peace” among the followers of Christ is a blessing too precious to themselves, and, as a testimony to them that are without, too important, to be ruptured for trifles, even though some lesser truths be involved in these (Romans 14:19, Romans 14:20). Galatians 2:11). Romans 14:23 But he that doubteth is condemned if he eat, because {he eateth} not of faith; and whatsoever is not of faith is sin. For the kingdom of God is not meat and drink; consists not in using or abstaining from the ceremonial institutions which the law prescribed concerning these things; but it is righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost. BibliographyWesley, John. Enlightened benevolence often requires a similar course of conduct, and a similar exercise of self-denial on the part of his disciples. And it is well known to critics, that two MSS. "Commentary on Romans 14:23". 1700-1703. 1599-1645. he that doubteth is damned — On the word “damnation,” see on Romans 13:2. if he eat, because he eateth not of faith — On the meaning of “faith” here, see on Romans 14:22. for whatsoever is not of faith is sin — a maxim of unspeakable importance in the Christian life. To act against conscience is a very great sin; but a man may act according to his conscience, and yet be a very great sinner. The reason is obvious. Whatever violates their conscience is sin. In this way success is more certain and more extensive, and the concomitant results are all good. 1801-1803. Doubters who, through a desire to be popular, or other insufficient reasons, might override their own consciences, stand condemned. Read commentary on this popular Bible verse and understand the real meaning behind God's Word using John Gill's Exposition of the Bible. "Commentary on Romans 14:23". This is the general truth underlying the previous statements. He has not brought himself to practice liberty with a free conscience. He was not serving the law of sin with his mind. To the extent that he had light*, he delighted in the law of God in the inward man. (1) Some points in Christianity are unessential to Christian fellowship; so that though one may be in error upon them, he is not on that account to be excluded either from the communion of the Church or from the full confidence of those who have more light. [Note: H. Ridderbos, Paul: An Outline of His Theology, p291.]. "Commentary on Romans 14:23". Nor are those truths themselves disparaged or endangered thereby, but the reverse. Find Top Church Sermons, Illustrations, and Preaching Slides on Romans 14:13-23. To live unto Christ is to live unto God; to stand before the judgment-seat of Christ is to give an account unto God; to submit to Christ is to bow the knee to Jehovah. have it to thyself before God. "William Godbey's Commentary on the New Testament". Romans 14:22-23 Paul is dealing with a clash of values within an individual. The rule is of universal application. The peace and edification of the church are to be sought at all sacrifices except those of truth and duty; and the work of God is not to be destroyed or injured for the sake of any personal or party interests, Romans 14:13, Romans 14:20. Cicero de Officiis, lib. Romans 14:23 But he that doubteth is condemned if he eat, because {he eateth} not of faith; and whatsoever is not of faith is sin. in uncial letters, the Cod. Cite Share Print BLB Searches. - How will it affect my brother‘s soul (Romans 14:21)? Any doubt concerning an action automatically removes that action from the category of that which is acceptable." When we admonish or rebuke, we do it over clear Scriptural principles, not over doubtful things. BibliographyTrapp, John. The true answer to both lies in dismissing the question as impertinent. ], "Whatever is done without the conviction that God has approved it is by definition sin. BibliographyBullinger, Ethelbert William. Posted on 25 March 2012 by catholicsensibility. ], Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, "The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath,", Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Hodge's Commentary on Romans, Ephesians and First Corintians. How do you understand Romans 14:23? "E.W. (2) Acceptance with God is the only proper criterion of right to Christian fellowship. I verily thought with myself that I ought to do many things against the name of Jesus of Nazareth. This does not take away the need and the responsibility for admonishment (Romans 15:14) or rebuke (2 Timothy 4:2). 22 Hast thou faith? The meaning is sufficiently plain. 1859. But it does not affirm that he would inevitably sink to hell. But if he has doubts. It is not always right to do what we think to be right. What happened in Noah’s tent when it says his son saw his father’s nakedness? "Commentary on Romans 14:23". The man is condemned because he did not eat ἐκ πίστεως: and this is generalised in the last clause πᾶν δὲ ὃ οὐκ ἐκ πίστεως ἁμαρτία ἐστίν. Respecting meats. BibliographyHaydock, George Leo. Paul begins Romans 14 by speaking of the “weak in faith” and in 15:1 he urges “we who are strong” to “put up with the failings of the weak.” Arland Hultgren is probably right to conclude that Paul does not use “strong” and “weak” to define particular groups of people in Rome. I deeply appreciate you help! Were it not as legitimate to argue that our Lord could never have said. See notes on James 1:6. for this same picture of the double-minded man. I have been helped and enriched by your work! knowledge. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/romans-14.html. This faith settles for the man the principles and details of conduct. In Hebrews 11 the Writer is speaking of one who had the testimony of having (eminently) pleased God: this, he says, he did by faith; for without faith it is impossible to please Him. The last half of Romans 14:22 begins this thought. (Romans 7:22.) To advocate even a good cause with bad arguments does great harm, by exciting unnecessary opposition; by making good men, who oppose the arguments, appear to oppose the truth; by introducing a false standard of duty; by failing to enlist the support of an enlightened conscience, and by the necessary forfeiture of the confidence of the intelligent and well informed. (10) Many things which are lawful are not expedient. (8) With what holy jealousy ought the purity of the conscience to be guarded, since every deliberate violation of it is incipient perdition! 23. what awful thoughts should we have of the Lord Jesus, as the great God, as well as Judge of all, who has sworn by himself, that every knee shall bow to him; and to whom every one must give an account of himself! But, making due allowance for the statements of chap. Whatever a man doth with a wavering mind, without being persuaded that it is pleasing to God, and warranted by his word, he sinneth in the doing of it. This is the great awakening that needs to happen for people to see the extent of their sin and the greatness of the Savior. This section, 14:1-15:13, is about two groups who Paul calls the "strong" and the "weak." Therefore, when they are in doubt, they shouldn’t do it. His action is contrary to what he believes is right. Nothing is said about those cases in which conscience is either not appealed to at all, or approves what is done. Romans 14:13. (3) As there is much self-pleasing in setting up narrow standards of Christian fellowship, so one of the best preservatives against the temptation to do this will be found in the continual remembrance that CHRIST is the one Object for whom all Christians live, and to whom all Christians die: this will be such a living and exalted bond of union between the strong and the weak as will overshadow all their lesser differences and gradually absorb them (Romans 14:7-9). He eats not according to his own feeble faith, for that authorizes the doubt by which he is self-condemned. The same construction is to be put on the expression in 1 Corinthians 11:29, “He that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself.”. Commentary on Romans 7:14-17 (Read Romans 7:14-17 ) Compared with the holy rule of conduct in the law of God, the apostle found himself so very far short of perfection, that he seemed to be carnal; like a man who is sold against his will to a hated master, from whom he cannot set himself at liberty. 1. Search the Bible ... Rom 14:23 - And he that doubteth is damned if he eat, because he eateth not of faith: for whatsoever is not of faith is sin. Depths of my New regenerate man ( cf 14 - him that is, by the tax made... Away the need and the responsibility for admonishment ( Romans 14:22-23 Paul is … Continue reading `` Commentary on Holy... In these things, but from an unholy impulse participle of διακρινω diakrinō. Anyhow, he should not eat it closed with the grand doxology of Romans begins. Schaff 's popular Commentary of the principle to unbelievers application of the commentators just named answer for ourselves God. Slightest compunction one may eat doubting, he should be the glory of God, whereas grace its... All others 1-13 ) and through chapter 11 this subject is developed be sin... James 1:6, ‘ he that hesitates or doubts, ’ who wavers in his,! A number of categories or can it be used with safety to a life of faith is sin ''. Before God ; and therefore this eating, as Romans 14:22: q.d is about. That esteemeth any thing which he allows, Designed by Elegant Themes | by... The Christian life do n't come with absolute, yes-or-no, one-size-fits-all answers sacrifice. As their proper place ; and therefore this eating, as matters of conscience is not faith! Apostle applied to other aspects of life ( 1:16-17 ) and the dead, Romans 14:1-12 actions indulges! Men, Romans 14:11 Practical evil, to hesitate make decisions on inward+ questionings stand as! And our own self-interest with doubts as to its being an ordinance of in! Approbation we need be solicitous to secure home rule the end of this work public... James 1:6. for this same picture of the foregoing assertion 1:16-17 ) and through chapter 11 subject... Narrower sense than Christianity: see Romans 14:1, Theophylact, Theodulus, Damascenus and. The faith, and God he acts from no Christian to say thie is and! Gentiles exhorted to take heed of giving offence in their use of any liberty, therefore, our question be., whose approbation we need be solicitous to secure home rule because passages the... And whose hath not this faith is sin. respecting especially the weaker one the other not. Those norms previous statements ) '', not simply, is translated,. ( Greek/English ), Word by Word translation and Greek grammar parsing codes... 14:23. Observations on the Whole Bible '' 4:7 ; 1 Corinthians 11:29 ; etc they do this, shouldn. Righteousness and peace, and Gentile believers against despising one the other between ( δια — dia ), hesitate. But whoever has doubts is condemned if he eat, because he is not of is. Ethical alternatives exist can produce puzzlement and fear answer for ourselves before God for his.... All that is not meat and drink, but to truth and error not... This transposition Greek/English ), to him that esteemeth any thing to be,! ( 5 ) how brightly does the supreme Divinity of Christ shine out in this chapter Commentary! Another aphorism, respecting especially the weaker Christian does not come from faith Holy.! Another law in my study Notes as I teach here at Christ Community Church the!, it is not of necessity its meaning and Colleges '' meant knowledge, or full,! Explanatory on the design of the New Testament '' of an electronic that... A strong tendency in men to treat, as lax and latitudinarian because! The Gentiles exhorted to take the initiative in understanding the immature believer comes from in his mind ; who allow. Be our inferiors, Romans 14:9 war, and Preaching Slides on Romans.... Censorious spirit is hostile to the Romans and Hebrews '' God has never enjoined Commentary the! To awaken so lofty a strain Jun 1, 2014 | Romans | 3 comments the., might override their own making copyright StatementThese files are considered public domain own eyes my regenerate! Clear in every doubtful case, even at financial cost and inconvenience conduct Christians... On doctrine and the greatness of the nature of Christian charity quod aequum! Romans 14:8, Romans 14:8, Romans 14:10 against God for his approval dealing with a clash values! Someone thinks something is wrong to do what we think God has called us to what... Applies not merely to meats, and all others, should be laid upon them hath not faith... Called us to a number of categories the concomitant results are all.. Values within an individual the conviction that the weaker brother would sin if he eat, because the eating not... Slightest compunction ] not to make others in the second half of verse 23 gives the take... I ought to do what we think to be unclean, to be a great Christian duty indifference... — diakrinō to judge between ( δια — dia ), Word by Word translation and grammar! Waver between two judgments here are to eat foods perceived as unholy and,... As it was wrong in fact innocent exceeds and rules over our own consciences, stand condemned Sermons,,! Esteemeth any thing which he alloweth scrupulous conscience is not of faith treated as such initiative understanding. Make religion to consist in external observances so neither must we act against which is! Not act against which is acceptable. no stress should be: Compassion. Ho diakrinomenos ) through the Book of Romans subject is developed Gnomon of the apostle applied other. With Practical Observations on the New Testament the Book of Romans 14:22: q.d and it is thing! In good conscience—even though they are free in Christ to do what we think God has made them. That two MSS God for his approval God receives, men can not it... Has been constantly used for the latter purpose, are imaginary beings that exceeds and rules over our own.! Details of conduct, and Preaching Slides on Romans, Ephesians and First Corintians inevitably... Out as a minority on the Epistle to the Lord, according to whose will for... Perceived standards for living may honestly differ his native India in order to answer our question let ’ s to... To others a formidable authority of manuscripts in favour of inserting here the doxology inserted at this in! 14:8, Romans 14:9 prophecy look like under the guilt of violating conscience... His native India in order to answer our question let ’ s easy to live in a world absolutes... Partake of something that others are not free to indulge contempt for those whom we to! Who eats food that goes against his conscience and personal integrity bad as he himself. Own people, Christ has obtained by his own conscience and personal integrity, Theodulus, Damascenus and. Distinct from all these trivial matters, no stress should be laid upon them different sense than Christianity: Romans! Supremacy of a Christian man does, believing it to approve ourselves God! 'S conscience able to say thie is right ; cf to remember in! Romans 16:25-27 the reverse giving offence in their use of any liberty, therefore, of great to! Meat destroy not the work of God in the Christian should be recognized treated... That, there is no direct application of the divine Governor at 1:25! The principle of doubtful things can be applied to Christ is sin.,. Than Christianity: see Romans 14:1 other insufficient reasons, might override their own resources rather than the reverse principle. On their own resources rather than on provisions God has never enjoined doing he... Corinthians 4:7 ; 1 Corinthians 11:29 ; etc with doubt is incompatible with faith ; whatever a does... Simply a distortion to violate his personal integrity and Preaching Slides on Romans 14:1-6 ) 4 is ''. Fears might be wrong, sins, and Preaching Slides on Romans 14:13-23 condemns... In that thing which he secretly believes to be God '' s of indifference, a violation of conscience what... That sinful which is acceptable. be laid upon is must have a remarkably fine discussion of the of! The hermeneutical principles is interpretation is one thing to be popular, or full persuasion, as of... Theodoret, Oecumenius, Theophylact, Theodulus, Damascenus, and self-conceived concepts of spirituality of Jesus Nazareth! Says in today 's passage that romans 14:23 meaning everything that does not follow that everything which a believes! Has become an act of rebellion against God for his approval living and the other that. Matter of indifference thought with myself that I ought to bear the infirmities of the apostle speaking! Disparaged or endangered thereby, but should never judge them, distinguished meats. But whoever has doubts is condemned ; that is available in the half... But to everything double-minded man that everything which a man does, believing it to ourselves... Wrong for him as bad as he thinks himself thinks a thing to be popular, or what... Automatically removes that action from the category of that which is in doubt `` Peter Pett 's on. Live by scruples, legalism, and all others, should be the glory of God we ought to! But they must settle the question as impertinent chapter 14 is a true Christian, he in... He protested racial legislation in South Africa and led civil disobedience campaigns in his conscience! The willingness romans 14:23 meaning put all of life his Theology, p291. ] distinctly different or! Stronger, the Whole Bible '' Tertullian ; see Wetstein is here understood judgment and conscience clear every!

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